Demographic Profile
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Demographic Profile

Demographic Profile

 

The population characteristics of Haryana show that of the total population of 21.14 million, approximately 70 % are in the rural area. The decadal population growth has been of 28% from 1991 to 2001. Total worker category constitutes 40% of the total population of the state, of which 75 % are main workers and 25% marginal.

 

The total population of the area under SDA is 1.8 million, amounting to approximately 8.8 % of Haryana State population. Of these 69% reside in rural areas (Table 2.2).

Table 2.2: Population Distribution in Shivalik Region

District

Rural

Urban

Total

Ambala

6,57,383

(65%)

3,53,975 (35%)

1,01,1358

 

Panchkula

2,60,016

(55%)

2,08,397 (45%)

4,68,413

 

Yamunanagar (Under SDA)

3,75,326  (98.5%)

9,621

(2.5%)

3,84,947

 

Total Population under SDA

12,92,725 (69%)

5,71,993 (31%)

18,64,718

Haryana State

1,50,29,260 (71%)

61,15,304 (29%)

2,11,44,564

(Source: Primary Census Abstract, Census of India, 2001)

The sex ratio has experienced a steep decline in the last decade. A comparative review of the sex ratio scenario in India, Haryana and the three districts under SDA indicated that the sex ratio has declined drastically in Ambala district from 888 in 1991 to 784 in 2001 (Table 2.3).

 

Table 2.3: Declining Sex Ratio

Area

1991

2001

India

945

927

Haryana

879

928

Ambala

888

784

Panchkula

890

837

Yamunanagar

888

807

(Source: Primary Census Abstract, Census of India, 2001)

  

2.2.1 Population Distribution of Ambala

District Ambala has 4.8% of the total state population which is around 1.014 million with compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.3% per annum. Nearly 65% of the total district population resides in rural area. Among the rural population, 32% form the worker population, 85% of them being males. The worker population is distributed across the four blocks of Sahzadpur, Naraingarh, Ambala and Barara.

Of the rural worker population main-workers constitute 80% of the total rural worker population, of which approximately 43% are agriculture labourers and cultivators; the following reflects the rural main worker population distribution

 

(Fig 2.3 Source: Primary Census Abstract, Census of India, 2001)

 

2.2.2. Population Distribution of Panchkula

 District Panchkula has a population of about 4.6 lakh, which is about 2.2% of the state population. Nearly 55% of the population stays in the rural area, of which 42% forms the worker population. Interestingly, the decennial population growth of the district has been 50% (with CAGR 4.2%), mainly due to migration into the newly formed capital city of Panchkula.

The following chart (Fig 2.4) shows the rural worker distribution of Panchkula. Only 31% of the total main worker category is involved in agriculture, and the majority of 66 % of the population is involved in other works.

 

 (Source: Primary Census Abstract, Census of India, 2001)


2.2.3. Population Distribution of Yamuna Nagar 

Yamunanagar district has three blocks of Bilaspur, Chachrauli, and Sadaura and 40 villages of Jagadhari/ Mustafabad blocks under the coverage area of SDA. The total population of this area is 4.07 lakh (rural 3.75 lakh), which is about 34% of the population of the district.  The following graph gives the main worker category distribution, the proportion of agriculture labourers and cultivators as percent to main worker 59%, maximum compared to the other two district and quite near to the state average (Fig 2.5).

Farming and agricultural labour constitute the main source of livelihood for a majority of rural population (ranging from 31% to 53% in different districts) in the region (Table 2.4). The proportion of women as gainfully engaged in these occupations is quite low.

Table 2.4: Employment Characteristics

S No

Characteristics

Ambala

Panchkula

Yamuna nagar (Under SDA)

Shivalik Region

 

 

M

F

M

F

M

F

M

F

1.

Total Population

542977

471434

256939

211472

189767

166008

989683

848914

2.

Rural Population

349932

307451

144642

115374

172727

150541

667301

573366

3.

Main Workers

245559

30089

127013

23340

81696

12229

454268

65658

 

As percentage of Rural Population

70.2%

9.8%

87.8%

20.2%

47.2%

8.1%

68.1%

11.5%

3.1

Cultivators

48746

1527

17967

3208

28416

805

95129

5540

3.2

Agri labourers

22545

1747

4839

597

16514

760

43898

3104

3.3

Household industry

7260

1548

3059

1000

2171

981

12490

3529

3.4

Others

167008

25267

101148

18535

34595

9683

302751

53485

4.

Marginal Workers

31073

17800

13110

15181

13399

10634

57582

43615

 

As percentage of Rural Population

8.9%

5.6%

9.1%

13.2%

7.8%

7.1%

8.6%

7.6%

4.1

Cultivators

1102

1641

2698

6286

784

498

4584

8425

4.2

Agri labourers

11277

6701

2239

3204

6156

2301

17672

12206

4.3

Household industry

780

1176

446

1126

391

828

1617

3130

4.4

Others

17914

8282

7727

4565

6068

7007

31709

19854

(Source: Primary Census Abstract, Census of India, 2001)

 

Economic Profile

 

The population characteristics shows that the percentage of population residing in the rural areas ranges from 55% to 89% of the total population, with 89% of the three blocks and part Jagadhari of Yamunanagar, 65% of Ambala district and 55% of the Panchkula residing in the rural areas. Of the total rural population more than 80% are involved in agriculture, animal husbandry, and allied activities.

 

The states gross domestic product at factor cost shows a healthy growth of 11% from the 1993-94 to 2000-01, while the percentage share of agriculture and animal husbandry in the GSDP has fallen from 40% in the year 1993-94 to 30% in the year 2000-01, although agriculture and allied activities engage majority of the population.

 

The per capita gross domestic product from agriculture (excluding dairy) for the year 2000-01 is approximately Rs. 8882 for Ambala, Rs 2613 for Panchkula and Rs 5991 for Yamunanagar which is lower than the state average of Rs 9508.

 

Prevalence of poverty, as measured in terms of proportion of households falling below poverty line, is the highest in Morni block of District Panchkula along with Bilaspur and Chachrauli blocks of District Yamunanagar (Table 2.7).

 

Table 2.7: Households Below Poverty Line

District Ambala

Block

No of BPL HH in the block

No of rural HH in the block

BPL as % of total HH

Ambala

7,733

43,898

18

Barara (inclu Saha)

9,150

37,973

24

Naraingarh

4,434

16,607

27

Sahjadpur

2,920

15,647

19

District Panchkula

Pinjore

3,511

24,890

14

Morni

1,854

3,257

57

Barwala

3,129

10,812

29

Raipur Rani

1,952

7,220

27

District Yamuna Nagar 

Bilaspur

6,950

17,001

41

Chachrauli

10,135

29,018

35

Sadaura

2,445

7,896

31

Jagadhri (Part)

1,702

8,780

19